Promoting Excellence in Maryland's Trauma Care

A collaborative statewide approach to address issues
related to all aspects of trauma care delivery

January: National Winter Sports TBI Awareness Month!

January is National Winter Sports Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Month. This month is dedicated to bringing awareness to TBIs related to winter sports and how to prevent a TBI from occurring.

“A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is an injury that affects how the brain works” (CDC). A TBI may be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or from a penetrating injury. There are three main types – Mild TBI or concussion, Moderate TBI, or Severe TBI.


Falls; Violence; Sports injuries; Vehicle-related collisions


Sensory Issues

  • Blurred vision
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Inability to smell
  • Sensitivity to light/sound

Cognitive Issues

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dazed or confused
  • Issues with concentrating 
  • Mood changes
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Sleeping more than usual


Headache      Nausea & Vomiting      Fatigue      Drowsiness     

Issues with speech      Dizziness or loss of balance     

Seizures or convulsions      Loss of coordination


Mild TBI or Concussion

  • Rest
  • OTC pain relievers
  • Monitored closely at home for any persistent, worsening, or new symptoms.
  • Doctor will indicate when a return to work/school/sports in appropriate.

Moderate/Severe TBI

  • Emergency care may be needed.
  • Medications for anti-seizures, coma-inducing drugs, or diuretics may be given.
  • Surgery may be performed to remove clotted blood, repair skull fractures, stop brain bleeds.
  • Rehab may be required post TBI to help the individual return to their pre-TBI daily activities. 

Prevention for Winter Sports TBI

  • Always wear a properly fitted helmet and replace after a serious fall. A helmet will protect your head, just like a case protects your phone.
  • Learn the fundamentals to the sports – take lessons and watch a pro.
  • Be familiar with your surroundings and stay alert. Do not stray from the designated paths.
  • Be aware of the warning signs for concussion (headache, weakness, numbness, decreased coordination, confusion, etc.).

By: Creason Walter

Communications Chair

Maryland TraumaNet

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